Floorball is a fast paced indoor sport with five field players and one goalie on each team.
The Floorball court is similar to an ice-hockey rink but smaller, with local dimesion of 20m x 40m with 20-inch sideboards. In Australia, floorball is generally played on a basketball court surface. There is a goal at each end, which is guarded by a goalie without a stick. The goalie sits on their knees and is able to handle the ball as long as they have one part of their body in the goal area.
The aim of the game is to shoot the ball into the other teams’ goal. The team structure allows for substitutions and line changes, which are encouraged because of the fast pace of the games. Penalties leading to power play situations are also part of the game. The major difference between Floorball and ice hockey is that players are on foot, as opposed to inline/ice skates and physical contact is not permitted.
Picture left: World Floorball Championships
Some roots of floorball have been found as far back as from 1958 when an industry in Minneapolis, USA introduced plastic sticks under the name Cosom. Cosom floor hockey was played in the USA and Canada.
In the 1970's the floorball sport we play today was developed in Gothenburg, Sweden and in 1986 the International Floorball Federation was founded by the Swedish, Finnish and Swiss Floorball Associations.
During the 30 years of floorball history, the development and growth of the sport has been amazing. The sport has spread all over the world and it is now played in over 60 countries.
Thanks to IFF for information :)
Picture right: Cosom sticks
The International Floorball Federation (IFF) is the head organisation of world floorball. The IFF is a rapidly growing sports federation, with 55 Member Associations from all countries.
In July 2011 the IFF was granted the full recognition of the Internation Olympic Committee (IOC), which opens new doors for Floorball worldwide.
Looking forward, floorball will be played for the first time in the Special Olympics in 2017. Also in 2017, the World Games will feature floorball for the first time. Both of these events are crucial steps in the process of becoming a part of the Olympic Games, which the IFF hopes to be in by 2024.
Each team consists of 5 field players and a goalie. Teams have an interchange/substitution bench to rotate the players every 1-2 minutes. (It's a fast paced game so you need the subs)
Each field player has a light carbon graphite stick, which is about 3 feet long (depending on the height of the player). Field players do not wear any protective clothing, only a t-shirt, shorts and athletic shoes are required. Protective eyewear is available but is not mandatory.
The ball is 3 inches in diameter, white, and made of plastic. The ball is hollow and to make it light there are 26 little holes on the sides and weighs only 23 grams.
The goalie doesn't have a stick, they sit on their knees and are able to handle the ball as long as they have one part of their body in the goal area.
The goals in which the goalie protects are 160cm wide by 115cm high, similar size to ice hockey goals. They are a metal frame (usually red) with a polyamide knotless netting (black in colour).